FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
The ministries and the public institutions and establishments that are authorized to give working permission to the foreigners notifies all information about the foreigner to the Ministry within at most thirty days from the date they have given the work permit, they have extended the working duration or they have cancelled the work permit and the ministries and public institutions and establishments that employ foreigner from the date when they have started to employ the foreigner.
a. The independently working foreigners are obliged to inform the situation to the Ministry within at most fifteen days, from the date they have started working and from the end of the work,
b.The employers that employ foreigners are obliged to inform the situation to the Ministry within at most “fifteen days” when he/she has started to work, in case he/she doesn’t start working within thirty days from the date when the working permission was given, from the end of this date and from the date when the service contract was terminated for any reason.
The ministries and the public institutions and establishments that are authorized to give work permit to the foreigners notifies all information about the foreigner to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security within at most “thirty days” from the date they have given the working permission, they have extended the working duration or they have cancelled the working permission and the ministries and public institutions and establishments that employ foreigner from the date when they have started to employ the foreigner.
(ADMINISTRATIVE FINES MENTIONED IN THE LAW OF WORK PERMIT FOR FOREIGNE)
For engineers, architects and urban planners who are under provisions of exemption, in case the duty term is over one month, work permit procedure is applied.
-Is a document prepared for foreigners under exemption?
A “Work Permit Exemption Certificate” is given to the foreigner under exemption upon request.
-In what period does the Ministry has to finish the application procedure after the application documents were put on the record?
If the application documents are complete, Ministry has to make the necessary evaluations and inform the applicants within at most “90 days”
-What’s the time for foreigner who was given work permit for getting work registered residence permit by applying to the related authorities?
A foreigner must convert his former residence permit to work registered residence permit within at most “30 days” after getting work permit.
The foreigners mentioned in this article shall notify their purpose of coming, information such as how long and where they intend to stay to the police authorities of the place where they stay.
As for these notifications, there is no necessity for attending personally. Additional information and documents will be demanded from both foreigner and establishment or companies that have a correlation between foreigner in case police departments come to a conclusion that the submitted documents aren’t sufficient.
If it is understood that the demand is not consistent or prescribed period of work will extend the exemption period, the activities of foreigner within the framework of exemption won’t be allowed
Also, for the foreigners within the framework of exemption, if the foreigners’ visa or visa exemption period is enough, a residence permit won’t be given for the period within the exemption.
If foreigners don’t have sufficient visa period, residence permits are arranged on its own motion on condition not to be exceeded exception periods.
Exemption terms may not be extended. Besides, the foreigner within the scope of the articles (b), (c), (d), (e), (g) and (j) shall benefit from the provisions of exemption just once in the same year
The provisions stipulated by special laws being reserved and under the condition that the foreigner as well as his/her employer fulfils their liabilities arising out of other laws; the following shall not be required to obtain any work permits
a) Persons kept exempt from work permit by means of bilateral or multilateral contracts to which Turkey is a party,
b) Foreigners, whose permanent residence is abroad, and who are coming to Turkey for a period of less than one month for scientific, cultural and artistic activities, and for a period of less than four months for the purpose of sportive activities
c) Those coming to Turkey for the assembly, maintenance and repair works of any machinery and equipment imported to Turkey, for rendering the training of their use or for taking delivery of the equipment, for a period not exceeding three months
d) Those staying in Turkey for training related to the use of goods and services exported from Turkey or imported to Turkey, under the condition of not exceeding three months,.
e) Those staying in Turkey for show and similar duties at fairs and circuses, under the condition of not exceeding three months
f) Those coming in order to obtain information and experience at universities as well as public institutions and establishments, under the condition of not exceeding three months.
g) Those notifying to the relevant authorities that they may provide significant services and contributions to Turkey in a period not exceeding one month in sociocultural and technological fields as well as training subjects.
h)According to the reciprocal principle, within the framework of student exchange programme, foreign students who will do internship in private or public institutions as long as internship periods
i) According to bilateral or multilateral contracts to which Turkey is a party, or national, international projects which will be handled by consortiums or foreigners who will work in international institutions. (This article is canceled by 06.03.2007 dated and 2007/892 numbered decision of Council of State 10th Department)
j) Foreign tour operators whose duty term is maximum 6 months in a year,
k) Foreign footballers if the demands of them are approved by Turkish Football Federation or General Directorate of Youth and Sports and other players and coaches during the contract period
However, in case the service periods of foreign architects, engineers and urban planners subject to provisions of exemption included in the framework of professional services exceeds one month, they have to obtain the work permit from the Ministry, become a temporary member of the relevant professional chamber and comply with the practices of national institutions and establishments.
There are still current laws which restrict work life of foreigners. Thus, this subject is clarified further in 2 nd clause of 13 th article of the Law numbered 4817. As it is mentioned “Provisions which are included in other laws concerning the jobs and professions in which the foreigners won’t be entitled to work are reserved.”
In this respect, it isn’t possible for foreigners who get indefinite and independent work permits and foreigners who are within the framework of exemption work in the professions which are mentioned in special laws and only devoted to Turkish citizens
Legal actions against foreigners, who executes the above professions whether he/she has a work permit, are begun on grounds of opposition to the Law numbered 4817.
a.Except from residence permits in order to educate in Turkey, due to any reason residence permit given at least 6 months in this period foreigners given work permit (If the period of residence permit ends at the date which work permit is given, foreigners must take working visa).
b.For exceeding work permit, the extension application must be applied within at least fifteen days before the end of work permit. Because extension applications after this period are subject to conditions that will be applied for the first application, foreigners whose work permits are extended by approving the extension application of work permit within the mentioned period.
c.Foreigners who are out of scope according to (b) clause of the second article of the Law numbered 4817 and foreigners work in Ministries and public institutions by authorized through Law.,
There is no need for getting working visa by foreign representatives of Turkey
Work permits approved by the MoLSS are subject to charge in line with determined period. Charge amounts are determined each year by taking into consideration of revaluation rate.
(AMOUNT OF FEES FOR WORK PERMIT FOR 2009 )
According to the 20th article of the Law and 58th article of the Regulation; the Ministry’s business inspectors and the Social Security Institution’s insurance inspectors audit in accordance with the provisions of Labour Law under the section headed Control and Inspection of Working Life, whether the liabilities attributed to foreigners and the foreigners’ employers in the Law and the Regulations.
The inspection and audit members of the departments included in the general budget and the administrations with added budget inspect also whether the employers that employ foreigners and the foreigners fulfill their obligations arising from this Law, during any kind of audit and inspections they will perform in the workplaces in accordance with their legislations. The inspection results are also notified to the Ministry.
-Which process is applied for the foreigners of which work without work permit and for their employers?
If the foreigner works unregistered, the situation is determined with an official report. In order to implement the penalty fixed in article 21 of the Law, for the foreigner and the employer or employer representative, the said official report is sent to district offices of Ministry Of Labour and Social Security. Because, the foreigner can be notified about the penalty in abroad too, in the framework of Law of Notice numbered 7201, article 25, the foreigner’s abroad address shall be mentioned in the official report.
During the inspections, the unregistered foreigner’s entry to Turkey, visa, passport and residence permit issues must be investigated and the illegal foreigner’s deportation procedure must be started.
-Is there a fine for the foreigners of which work without work permit and for their employers?
By implementation of Law on the Work Permit for Foreigners numbered on 06.09.2003, an administrative fine process is come in to force for the foreigners of which work without permit and for their employers in the framework of article 21 of the Law. If the said action is repeated, the administrative fines are doubled. The administrative fines are notified to the related persons with their justifications in the framework of Law of Notification Numbered 7201.
(ADMINISTRATIVE FINES IN LAW OF WORK PERMIT FOR FOREIGNERS )
By the Law 4817, besides fines for employer and the foreigner, the employer has to pay the accommodation costs, travel costs for returning their countries and cost of treatment if necessary for foreigner’s spouses and children (if exists).
-If the foreigners of which work without work permit and their employers don’t pay the administrative fine, what is sanction?
If the deported foreigners don’t pay the administrative fine, to collect the fine during entering Turkey and not to accept the foreigners without payment, the foreigners are taken in a program named “Ç”.
-The foreign instructors at schools active in the framework of the embassies or consulates in Turkey, the officials of foreign countries’ cultural institutions in Turkey, religious officials to be commissioned with religious institutions, shall be granted the residence permits to work by the Ministry of Internal Affairs. (YÇİHKUY Md.54)
There is no need for a work permit prepared by Ministry of Labour and Social Security, applications for permits in these matters shall be made through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and they work with residence permit given by Ministry of Interior.
In foreign abroad applications; Foreigners shall apply abroad for their work permit at the representations of the Republic of Turkey in the country of their nationality or their permanent residence. The representations shall send these applications directly to the Ministry along with their probable assessments related to the request for work permit.
The representations of the Republic of Turkey as well as the Ministry conduct the transactions related to the work permit applications to be filed from abroad by means of electronic mails. Whereas the documents requested during the application shall be submitted to the Ministry by the employer of the foreigner within “three working days” the latest from the date of the foreigner’s application to the Representation.
In this case, the period of ninety days starts on the day on which all documents have been passed on to the Ministry. The Ministry notifies the representative about its decision in order to notify the foreigner applicant.
The foreigner who gets work permit must apply for entry visa within latest “ninety days” after getting the permit and apply for residence permit within latest “thirty days” from entering Turkey to the Ministry of Interior. The work permits are valid if working visa and residence permit exist.
During the procedure of work permit and working visa to representations and subsequently during getting work registered residence permit from police department, in order to eliminate the bureaucratic process, in the framework of the protocol made between the related institutions on 29.08.2003, it is approved to implement according to the following issues:
- The abroad applications of work permit and working visa are sent to M.O.L.S.S., Ministry of Interior and National Intelligence Agency (MIT) by the channel of Ministry of Foreign Affairs simultaneously.,
- About these applications, predicated on the date of Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ telex message, if there is no negative answer from Ministry of Interior in 20 days, the said Ministry’s opinion about work permit and working visa application on basis of giving residence permit will be accepted as positive
- Besides, in parallel with the regulation above, according to the article 23 of Law on the Work Permit for Foreigners number 4817, this time period is considered as 10 days for work permit applications in framework of “Regulations On The Employment Of Personnel Of Foreign Nationality In Direct Foreign Investment
In foreign interior applications; In interior applications, application may be filed just by foreigners, who have obtained a residence permit of at least six months duration and whose term has not terminated, or by their employers directly to the M.O.L.L.S..
Except for residence permits granted for purpose of education in Turkey, foreigners who have obtained a residence permit for at least six months based on any reason and who have been granted a work permit within this period of permit shall not be required to obtain a work visa through external representations of Turkey.
The applications for work permit of foreigners who have come to Turkey by making use of touristic visa or visas apart from the purpose of working or the visa exemption programme between two countries and other visa facilities, and who do not have any residence papers shall not be accepted from within the country.
But, Foreigners holding the status of key personnel to be employed in special direct foreign investments, or their employers, may file their applications for work permit directly with the Ministry in case the foreigner is legally staying in Turkey.
The Ministry shall make decisions related to the work permit by taking opinions of the relevant authorities as well.
The Ministry shall declare the decision of the work permit, in case of applications filed from abroad, to the representation of the Republic of Turkey to be communicated to the applicant; the work permit and extension decision, in case of interior applications, to the foreign applicant or the employer filing the application.(YÇİHKUY Md.18)
In the framework of the Law on Work Permits for Foreigners number 4817 and the law’s application regulation, foreigners not only work with an employer dependently, but also work independently on their own behalf.
According to this, work permits are decided in three types;
1-Work permit for a definite period of time;
2-Work permit for an indefinite period of time;
3-Independent work permit;
4-Exceptional cases in terms of time
Unless otherwise provided in the bilateral or multi-lateral agreements to which Turkey is a party, working permission for a definite period of time is given to be valid for at most one year, taking into consideration the situation in the business market, developments in the labour life, sectorial and economic conjuncture changes regarding employment, according to the duration of residence permit of the foreigner and the duration of the service contract or the work, to work in a certain workplace or enterprise and in a certain job
The Ministry may extend or narrow down the area of validity of the work permit restricted by terms by taking as basis the city, administrative border or geographical area. In case this is applied, the Ministry shall communicate this decision to the relevant authorities to whom the former advises the work permits
After the legal working duration of one year, duration of the working permit may be extended for a maximum of further “two years”, on condition of working in the same workplace or enterprise and in the same job. At the end of the three years legal working period, the terms of the work permit may be extended for a maximum of further “three years” to work in the same profession and with any employer of his/her discretion.
Work permit restricted by terms by also be granted to the spouse of any foreigner, having come to Turkey to work, as well as the children under the foreigner’s care, under the condition that they have legally resided with the foreigner without interruption for at least five years.
Independent work permit may be given by the Ministry to the foreigners, who will work independently, on conditions that they have resided in Turkey legally and uninterruptedly for at least “five years” and their working shall have a positive effect on employment and economic development. While evaluating the effects on employment, related authorities’ opinions are considered too.
The fact that the foreigner has fulfilled the condition, of having had a legal und uninterrupted residence for at least “five years”, shall be evidenced by the certificate to be obtained from the police authorities. This certificate shall be presented to the Ministry along with the other documents during the application for independent work permit.
While evaluating whether the condition has been fulfilled that the foreigner has legally and uninterruptedly resided for at least “five years” periods passed during education are not taken into consideration. On the other hand, the educational periods of the foreigner’s spouse and children, who have come to Turkey together with the foreigner, have resided together with the foreigner and having undergone education at the same time, are considered as residence terms.
The residence permit periods of foreigners, who have been given the independent work permit, shall be determined by the Ministry of Internal Affairs in accordance with the regulations related to the foreigners’ residence and voyages in Turkey.
The independent work permit shall be used depending on the residence permit unless there is any change in its scope.
In case the police authorities do not extend the periods of residence permits granted based on any independent work permit, the Ministry shall be advised
For the purpose of being taken into consideration while evaluating the independent work permit, the documents evidencing the contribution of the foreigner’s activities to the national economy and that the foreigner has sufficient income for the activity the latter shall perform, may be requested to be presented to the Ministry along with the other documents.
Any foreigner considered appropriate to be granted an independent work permit, shall be delivered a “Certificate of Application for Independent Work Permit” related to the latter’s permission to work independently.
The certificate of application for independent work permit is valid for a period of “three months” from the date it has been issued.
The foreigner may be granted the independent work permit, after having established his/her worksite, in case the latter submits his/her trade register record to M.O.L.L.S.
Unless otherwise foreseen in the bilateral or multilateral contracts, to which Turkey is a party, foreigners having been residing in Turkey legally and uninterruptedly for at least “eight years” or having undergone a total working period of“six years” in Turkey, may be granted a work permit for an indefinite period of time without taking into consideration the status of the industrial market and the developments in business life and in case of approval of the relevant authorities; without being restricted with any certain operation, profession, civil or geographical area.
The fact that the foreigner has fulfilled the condition of having had a legal und uninterrupted residence for at least eight years, shall be evidenced by the certificate to be obtained from the police authorities. This certificate shall be presented to the M.O.L.L.S. along with the other documents during the application for work permit for an indefinite period of time.
While evaluating whether the condition has been fulfilled that the foreigner has legally and uninterruptedly resided for at least “eight years” periods passed during education are not taken into consideration. However, the educational periods of the foreigner’s spouse and children, who have come to Turkey together with the foreigner, have resided together with the foreigner and having undergone education at the same time, are considered as residence terms
The fact that the condition the foreigner has to have legally worked for a total of “six years”, has been fulfilled shall be evidenced by a certificate to be obtained from the relevant authorities and this certificate shall be presented to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security along with the other documents during the application for work permit for an indefinite period of time.
The residence permit periods of foreigners, who have been given the work permit without terms, shall be determined by the Ministry of Internal Affairs in accordance with the regulations related to the foreigners’ residence and voyages in Turkey.
The work permit for an indefinite period of time shall be used depending on the residence permit unless there is any change in its scope. In case the police authorities do not extend the periods of residence permits granted based on any work permit without terms, the Ministry shall be informed.
Unless otherwise foreseen in the bilateral or multilateral contracts, to which Turkey is a party; under the condition of not acting contrary to the national regulations and complying with the regulations on professional services, work permits may be exceptionally granted to foreigners in terms of time, whose status is mentioned in the following articles, by taking into consideration the comments of the relevant authorities.
1-) Foreigners married to Turkish Citizens; Foreigners married to a Turkish citizen and living in Turkey with their spouse in the marital union, and who stay in Turkey legally without being subject to any condition of time for residence, may apply directly to the Ministry for exceptional work permit.
If the marriage is terminated before marriage period’s having completed “three years” or in case it is determined that the marriage has not been realized for establishing the marital union(if the marriage is matter of form), the work permit becomes invalid.
2-) Foreigners Considered having Settled Down; working permits of foreigners who have settled down in Turkey, along with the fact that their marital union with a Turkish citizen has ended after a period of at least three years, may be exceptionally granted under the condition that they stay in Turkey legally.
The concept foreigner settled down means any person observed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs in this framework in terms of residence permits.
3-) Children of Foreigners Considered to have Settled Down; Work permits of children from the Turkish spouse of foreigners who have settled down in Turkey, along with the fact that their marital union with a Turkish citizen has ended after a period of at least “three years”, may also be exceptionally granted under the condition that they stay in Turkey legally
4-) Persons who lost the Turkish Citizenship; If foreigners included in the scope of articles 19, 27 and 28 of the Turkish Citizenship Law number 403 apply for work permit, work permits may be exceptionally granted under the condition that they evidence their status during the application with the Ministry.
5-) Foreigners having come to Turkey and Completed their Studies prior to Completing their Age of Maturity; In case foreigners, who have been born in Turkey or who have come to Turkey before completing their age of maturity according to their own national law, if without nationality, then according to the Turkish regulations, and who have graduated in Turkey from any training college, academy or university, apply for work permit, their work permits may be exceptionally granted under the condition that they evidence their status during their application to the Ministry
6-) Foreigners in the Framework of the Settling Law number 2510; If foreigners, who are considered emigrant, refugee or nomad according to the Settling Law number 2510, apply for work permits, their work permits may be exceptionally granted under the condition that they evidence their status during their application to the Ministry.
7-) Citizens of European Union Countries as well as their Spouse and Children; If citizens of the European Union countries as well as their spouse and children not being citizens of the European Union countries, apply for work permits, they may be exceptionally granted their work permits.
8-) Foreigners Commissioned with the Representations of Embassies, Consulates and International Institutions in Turkey as well as their Spouse and Children; The work permits of those employed in the service of diplomats, administrative and technical personnel commissioned with representations of international institutions, embassies as well as consulates of foreign countries in Turkey, and of spouses and children of diplomats and administrative and technical personnel commissioned with embassies, consulates and international institutions in Turkey, under the condition of being in the framework of reciprocity and being restricted with the period of the assignment, may be granted exceptionally in accordance with the points of view of the said Ministry.
9-) Foreigners Coming on a Short-Term Basis for Scientific, Cultural and Sportive Purposes; If foreigners, who shall come to Turkey for a period exceeding “one month” for the purpose of scientific and cultural activities and for a period exceeding four months for sportive purposes, apply for work permits, their work permits may be exceptionally granted for the period they shall stay in Turkey.
10-) Foreigners featuring the Status of Key Personne; If foreigners featuring the status of key personnel, who are supposed to be employed in the acquisition of goods and services, the performance of a task or the operation of a plant, besides, in construction and all kind of building works, by means of contracts or tenders by legally authorized ministries as well as public institutions and establishments, apply for work permits, the work permits for the period stated in the contract or tender may be exceptionally granted.
The request for extension of the work permit shall be made by the foreigner or the latter’s employer directly to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security by enclosing the application form and the original of the former work permit to the documents mentioned in the attachment to the Regulations..
For the extension of a work permit the period of which has expired, application for extension has to be filed within “fifteen days” the latest from the end of the period. Applications for extension filed after this period shall be subject to the principles applied to foreigners realizing their initial application.
Under the condition of remaining within a period of two months the latest backwards from the date of the work permit’s termination, application for extension may also be filed prior to the end of the permit’s period.
In case the work permit is extended, the starting date of the work permit extended, is the date on which the terminating work permits ends.
-Is it possible to give a certificate to the foreigner for the time period in the evaluation process
Foreigners applying for the extension of their work permit may carry on their activities at the same worksite and profession during the time passing until the conclusion of the application for the work permit’s extension, under the condition that the duty assigned to them does not change in nature.
These foreigners shall be accompanied with the certificate given by the Ministry evidencing that they have filed an application for extension to be valid for the period they are active at the worksite. This document shall be valid for a period of “ninety days” from the date it is issued.
The working of the foreigner being accompanied by this certificate shall be considered as legal working in terms of any consequences to occur. During this period, the legal liabilities of the relevant authorities and the employer shall continue.
1.Work registered residence permit
According to the Article 3 of Law on Foreigner’s Residence and Voyage in Turkey numbered 5683; foreigners who come to Turkey must get a work registered residence permit within one month after entering Turkey and before starting to work in all conditions.
In this framework, in case foreigners apply with a valid working visa taken from representatives, if he/she is in Turkey in legal time period, if it is understood they will work in the workplace they mentioned before and if there is no legal, administrative or political disadvantage in their cities, the work registered working visa will be issued and another acting order won’t be expected from Ministry. (sua sponte)
Work permit is necessary to issue this residence permit.
2-Membership of Foreigners to Work in the Scope of Professional Services, with the Relevant Professional Institutions(YÇİHKUY Md.62)
Engineers, architects and urban-planners having obtained the work permit by means of the applications made from abroad in the framework of professional services, have to become members with the relevant professional chamber within one month the latest from the date they have made their entrance to Turkey
3-Process of fees for work registered residence permit.
The mentioned fee process will be implemented in the framework of Law of Charges numbered 492.
4-Registration of work permit to the valid residence permits.
A second residence permit won’t be issued for the foreigner who gets work permit, if he/she has got a residence permit with any reason before and it is possible to extend period of residence. The information about working will be registered on the valid residence permit.
5-Proscription of work permits for students educating in Turkey
As is known, for foreign students who are educating in university or lower degree in Turkey, it is proscribed to work in a paying business. Only, foreign students who are educating at master degree can get work permit restricted with their education subject and the institutions they’re researching in.
Although same implementation is going on, by extending the working area, on the condition with same researching subject and within the limits of the city, it will be possible to work in other universities.
These issues will be attended while visa and residence permit applications.
6-Address and status changes of working foreigners.
Even if the foreigners’ situation is changed (address, marital status and movement from one city to another), if there is no interruption in residence, the residence permit will be extended without relevant Ministry’s direction by the governorship, within the rudiments about work permit mentioned above
7-Sending a copy of work permit from relevant association to the relevant governorship
A copy of work permit will be sent to the governorship by the institution which gives work permit; because work registered residence permits will be arranged by governorships without direction in accordance with work permit and visa.
8-Cancellation of work and residence permits
Because work permit’s period can’t be longer than business agreement or period of working, in case the employer institution cancels the work permit, work registered residence permit will be cancelled on its own motion and process about residence permit for foreigners will be continued due to general provisions.
If the foreigner gets residence permit and his/her work permit is cancelled by the institution which gives permit, his/her residence permit will be cancelled too. In case the foreigner can not be found in residence address or he/she doesn’t inform the police departments by application residence permit can not be cancelled. In this case, to prevent the foreigner from using this permit, the foreigner is taken in a programme named “Ç” with a cod of 118 which means “residence permit cancelled foreigner” and his/her entrance to Turkey is prohibited.
9-Work permits given before the Law’s coming to force
Because, the permissions of the foreigners were given by the authorized public institutions and establishments before the date when the Law entered into force, work registered residence permits will be arranged accordance with current implementations.
According to the Law on Foreign Work Permit number 4817, the competent authority is Ministry of Labour and Social Security. But, provided that as a result of prepared arrangement given to the MoLSS;
— Ministry of National Defense,
— Ministry of Health,
— Undersecreterait of Foreign Trade,
— Higher Education Council
goes on giving work permits in the framework of current authorization.
Ministries, public institutions continuing employ foreigners in accordance with their necessities by exercising their authorities, on condition that information is given to the MoLSS.
Ministries, public institutions foreigners who do business with contracts will be employed by taking work permit from MoLSS. But, work permits of these groups are arranged exceptionally.
-Who is the objection authority in case of rejecting work permit applications?
In case of rejecting the work permit; the foreigner has a right to make an objection within 30 days from notification date. If the administration rejects the objection, foreigner has a right to sue to the administrative justice.
The Law on Foreign Work Permit Number 4817;
— People acquired Turkish citizenship by birth and renounced citizenship by taking permit through Cabinet Decision,
— Press reporters who will be employed according to the Press Law,
— Members of Foreign Press Organs,
— People given work permit or employed by the authorization taken from Ministries, public institutions in the framework of Law
- By taking into consideration reciprocity principle, international law and European Union Law, foreigners who are exempt from work permits in the regulation,
have been excluded from the Law.
This Law comprises the foreigners working dependently or independently in Turkey, foreigners that are having on the job training and the real and judicial persons that employ foreigners.